What is electrical torque and mechanical torque?
Electrical motor torque is proportional to the product of magnetic flux and the armature current. Mechanical or load torque is proportional to the product of force and distance. Motor current varies in relation to the amount of load torque applied. When a motor is running in steady state, the armature current is constant, and the electrical torque is equal and opposite of the mechanical torque. When a motor is decelerating, the motor torque is less than the load torque. Conversely, when a motor is accelerating, the motor torque is higher than the load torque. 1